International Security Update: Cyber attack on Sony Pictures
On Nov 24th, the computer system of Sony Pictures was compromised by a sophisticated cyber attack. The firm’s employees were locked out of their computers, and much of the company’s data was stolen or erased. During the attack, an image was uploaded to company computers by a group calling itself GOP (Guardians of Peace) with a list of the information taken and demands to be met by that evening. The hack was believed to be in response to the movie “The Interview,” a comedy about the assassination of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un. The FBI has accused North Korea of instigating the attack while North Korea has denied any involvement.
Hacking by cyber criminals has been a long-standing concern from many businesses. In most cases, these attacks attempt to access personal and corporate information in order to facilitate identity theft and corporate espionage. However, the direct targeting of private corporations by nation states is rare. In most cases, criminals conduct cyber attacks to raise money. Hackers generally target corporations in order to steal credit card information, intellectual property, and other private data.
However, the Sony hack appears to be motivated more by politics than cash. The hackers of Sony Pictures gained access to over 100 terabytes of corporate and personal information and then dumped the data onto the Internet. The hackers claimed that the attack was launched in response to the movie “The Interview.”
The US Looks to a Familiar International Security Foe
The FBI has accused North Korea of orchestrating the attack on Sony Pictures. Although an unnamed North Korean diplomat has denied involvement in the action, a North Korean news organization has called the hack, a “righteous deed.” Furthermore, the hackers stated that a “9/11” style attack would occur if the movie was released as scheduled. In response, many movie theatres (which are independent from Sony Pictures) refused to show the film.
In the wake of the Sony hack, North Korea suffered a cyber attack that overwhelmed the country’s limited Internet infrastructure. So far, no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but some have speculated that this was the United State’s response to the cyber attack against Sony. Proponents of this view point to statements from the Obama administration. Both the President and the White House Press Secretary have stated that the US would respond proportionately to North Korea’s action.
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